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Why Helichrysum Essential Oil Belongs In Your Medicine Cabinet

The precious essential oil of Helichrysum is relatively unknown in the United States, even in natural health and wellness circles. Interest and experience with this natural healing phenomenon is growing rapidly, however and with very good reason. Helichrysum is one of the most potent, dramatically healing essential oils used in European medical aromatherapy today. As noted by Dr. Kurt Schnaubelt, America’s leading medical aromatherapist, the effects of this oil are so convincing that it has never met with any kind of criticism. An essential oil so useful, even those who consider aromatherapy a pseudo-science do not challenge its wonderful effects! So what is Helichrysum oil, and how can it benefit the newcomer to aromatherapy?

With so many species of Helichrysum grown, and several essential oils distilled from these, it is important to recognize the most important of the therapeutic varieties. It is the italicum’ species of the Helichrysum plant that is mentioned with highest regard in the aromatherapy literature; moreover, the serotinum’ sub-species may be the most potent. When looking for the oil, be sure it is 100% pure, undiluted, Helichrysum italicum for best effects.

Helichrysum italicum is found growing wild around the Mediterranean, where fine grades of the essential oil are distilled. With growth in the oil’s popularity, exceptional oils are now being produced in North America as well, with laboratory credentials and brilliant aromas to prove it. As with many other essential oils, it is the care taken in the growing of the plant and use of precise distillation techniques that make an oil therapeutic grade’; where different geographical locations can sometimes produce different chemotypes’ of essential oils, this does not seem to be the case with Helichrysum. As is also the case with most essential oils, a pleasing, well-rounded, natural aroma is indicative of its healing potency.

By now you’re likely asking: So what does it DO? Ah, well, a great many things! Helichrysum italicum is a unique essential oil in its distinct synergy of molecular components. It is the only oil known to contain safe but powerful regenerative di-ketones. Its curcumene components have been studied for their anti-inflammatory action; further, the oil contains what are known as spasmolytic esters’ which cause tissues to relax. Relaxing, anti-inflammatory and regenerative a wonderful combination in a single therapeutic oil.

As Dr. Schnaubelt notes: The pain-reducing, analgesic, and regenerative effect is unique…Generally, Helichrysum italicum works for all conditions in which inflamed tissue needs to be calmed down and regenerated. The oil has a great variety of applications due to this broad range of action. It is regularly used for skin, muscle and connective tissue injuries and healing with profound results. Most simply, the essential oil may be applied directly to larger cuts, scrapes and even surgical incisions to speed healing (true Lavender oil works well for small wounds add a little Tea Tree in either case for a stronger anti-microbial effect).

Helichrysum oil is wonderful for active sports and fitness enthusiasts of all sorts. Its anti-inflammatory action is so helpful for bumps, bruises, sprains and strains; Its effect is so potent that in many cases, it may prevent bruising and swelling all together if applied in time. Even if applied later, as one would an Arnica preparation, it will still speed healing. Chronic injuries may also be helped with other supportive ingredients. Tendonitis can be treated, for example, with a blend using 1 part per 100 each of Helichrysum italicum, Lemon Eucalyptus and Yarrow essential oils in a base oil of your choosing a base of comfrey cream may be most beneficial.

Helichrysum is included in many therapeutic blends for the skin. It is considered anti-inflammatory, tissue regenerating and a cicatrisant (scar reducing). To treat scars, old and new, use 25 drops Helichrysum, 25 drops Rosemary Verbenone and 75 drops Calophyllum (Tamanu) in each ounce of Hazelnut oil. Apply regularly to the scar; this formula is even used for smoothing of old keloid scars over a period of six months. For additional support, add 75 drops of Rosehip seed oil to the blend. Helichrysum is used in blends to reduce stretch marks after pregnancy: Use a 3% dilution of Helichrysum oil in Hazelnut with 20% Rosehip seed as the base and apply regularly. During pregnancy, a low dilution blend (1% total essential oils) of Neroli and Cypress in Hazelnut oil is recommended to prevent the marks from occurring. Hemorrhoids may be relieved with 1% Helichrysum and 1% German Chamomile in Sesame oil. Allergic skin reactions and eczema may be calmed with 1% each Helichrysum and Blue Tansy essential oils in Hazelnut oil.

Helichrysum essential oil is indicated for many other conditions, and should be discussed with your healthcare provider to see if it makes sense as an adjunct therapy. The oil may ease symptoms of neuralgia through its regenerative and analgesic properties apply a 3% dilution of the oil in Hazelnut or Jojoba to tingling or painful areas. It may offer support for other physical conditions such as fibromyalgia and arthritis in a similar concentration, with added warming oils may be added for improved. Helichrysum acts as an anti-coagulant, and is supportive of the veins. It is considered effective for reducing tinnitus: a drop is placed on a cotton ball and put in the ear each night for two weeks some recommend simply placing a drop on the pinky and massaging the ear canal. The antispasmodic and decongestive actions help with coughs, colds and asthma. It also can offer great support for stress related exhaustion and headaches.

On the more esoteric side, where aromatherapy also affects the psyche and emotions, according to Mojay’s Aromatherapy for Healing the Spirit’: Those (emotions) that are most indicatedare enduring resentment, half-conscious anger, bitterness of spirit, and a stubbornly negative attitude. For many, there can be a direct link between these hardened emotions and physical manifestation of illness. Aromatherapy massage with Helichrysum may be extremely beneficial, as one receives the oil’s aroma, its biological effects, and the healing touch of massage. Here, the oil may be used in a 1-3% dilution, alone or with other oils tailored to the person’s needs.

So as you can see, Helichrysum is well-suited to a great many individuals concerned with natural health, wellness and fitness. Whether you’ve got active children, you’re active sports enthusiast or have one in your family, you’re healing your skin or improving its appearance, or have other muscular, nerve, joint or vascular conditions, Helichrysum italicum oil may offer welcome healing action. Helichrysum can be applied regularly, as it is a safe essential oil with no contraindications. The oil is still relatively rare, and the flowers only yields a small amount, so the cost may seem a little high – but a little goes a long way. It is only used undiluted in acute situations; otherwise a low dilution is often used. Helichrysum italicum is one of aromatherapy’s stand-out healing oils, coming highly recommended by many natural healers, and deserves a place in nearly everyone’s medicine chest.

Some Doctors Need More Of A Challenge To Continue Practicing Medicine

A doctor decides to swap his medical practice for a corporate office. Many report that the practice of private medicine has just become too boring and routine. He claims that his job had turned into a ‘question and answer’ job.

He had enjoyed more complex aspects of the medical profession, such as obstetrics and surgery, but his group had to stop such treatments because of expensive malpractice insurance. He was no longer a physician, but merely a conduit between the patient and a specialist.

That same physician is now working for a manufacturer of pharmaceuticals in New Jersey as assistant medical development director. Many bored physicians have found their desired challenge in the corporate world and more are following this example. They all have something in common – they’ve grown weary of the same old stresses of private practice, like struggling for grants to pay for research and insurance and government interference in medical practices.

Some cities, are eager to improve the physician’s role and provide improved product safety and employee care. Although they remain in the medical area of the corporate world, the jobs offered in drug research or occupational health are just too enticing.

Doctors can make salaries that exceed what is possible in a private practice. Some of the perks to being a corporate doctor include a 9 to 5 work schedule, travel, malpractice insurance paid by the company, time off given for studies or teaching, and a complete benefit package that’s quite competitive with private practice income.

Still, corporate physicians make up less than two percent of the entire physician population in the United States. You will find there is also a huge amount of occupational physicians, these doctors will cover anything from employee health to the safety of a workplace and product.

You will find no shortage of doctors in these jobs, as there are over 10,000 reported. Other doctors are working in pharmaceuticals, while many thousands choose to work as underwriters and claims consultants for insurance companies.

One of the most common positions sought out by doctors looking for a change is the role of chief medical director for insurance companies. Once established in private practice, it is not uncommon for doctors to take other positions to bring in more money. One doctor opted for a position working part time for a restaurant chain.

He worked at an incredibly demanding pace as he would, each hour, examine up to 60 food handlers. Although he was reluctant to give up his practice, he would later become the medical director of two movie studios. This position offered him greater opportunities; the patient wasn’t responsible for paying so he could treat them without limit and he could practice preventative medicine.

Many private physicians see themselves as automatons faced with ever-increasing obstacles in their quest for a viable business. The perception was that of a physician who handed out pills, wrapped bandages and provided care to those who were not really in need of medical attention.

The corporate physician has new influence and respectability, as attitudes, as well as laws, have changed regarding occupational and product safety. According to the medical director of a large telecommunications company based in New York, this changing view is great.

Younger doctors will find corporation work giving them as well, if not better, than any place else. The reason older doctors would take the corporate road is because they had made enough money to take the pay cut. These corporate physicians stand behind their decision because the benefits that come along with the job are so much better than in private practice.

In the past private practice doctors looked down on occupational medicine. It is the opinion of some of those in corporate practice to believe that private practice physicians envy them.

It seems that the corporate doctors who decided against practicing medicine altogether are the ones who made the most money. One example of this is of a doctor who never once practiced medicine, and is a multimillionaire at the age of 78. He earned his first million by revamping his father’s pharmaceutical company while he was still in medical school.

Upon graduation, this doctor purchased a surplus army field hospital and administered to the Ural Mountain region of the former Soviet Union where the populace was afflicted by famine. It was there that he discovered it was food, instead of medicine, that was most needed so he began importing grain and making new trade contacts that turned out to be steps into his new career.

Sports Medicine For Outdoor Activity Injuries In Asheboro Nc

Sports medicine is generally the answer for injuries sustained in outdoor sports and other activities in Asheboro NC. Being active, enjoying nature and participating in outdoor sports are essential to our quality of life. When something goes wrong, and we suffer pain from bending, lifting or twisting, the BLT of back injuries, sports medicine doctors are the go-to specialists for help.

Back and neck problems
Sports and other outdoor activities contribute their fair share of back and neck problems, the most frequent reasons for doctor visits in the United States. Anyone with chronic back and neck problems should be evaluated by the sports medicine doctors and professionals before participating in new outdoor activities. Preexisting conditions of the spine can become worse during outdoor recreation, or prior symptoms of back pain and neck pain could return during outdoor recreational activity.

The most common types of neck and back injuries are sprains and strains, disc herniations, and fractures.

Strains and sprains
Strains and sprains generally happen during heavy lifting, twisting and repeated bending, and cause many visits to sports medicine doctors. Yard work such as shoveling snow or chopping wood, and other outdoor activities which entail bending at the waist, can cause a painful strain or sprain to your lower back.

Overhead activities such as pruning trees, painting, even playing badminton or volleyball in the back yard, can bring neck sprains to the unsuspecting outdoor enthusiast. Back or neck sprains and strains usually mean a partial tear of muscle, tendon or ligament, causing a dull and aching pain in the low back or neck.

Sprains or strains are generally treated with ice, locally applied for the first 24 hours. Anti-inflammatory medications such as aspirin or ibuprofen are given, and after the first 24 hours, local heat is applied. Bed rest is not advised, nor is there a need for surgical intervention for these injuries.

Disc injuries and herniations
Less common than strains and sprains, disc injuries can also result from the very same activities which cause sprains and strains. In addition to repetition of the BLT movements and overhead movements causing sprains and strains, repeated jarring from running or from bouncing around on outdoor recreational vehicles can also cause disc injuries and herniations. Disc structures are seated between your spinal vertebrae (bones), next to nerve structures. If a disc herniates, it can apply pressure to nerve structures, leading to serious spinal problems.

Sports medicine doctor in Asheboro NC, generally treat disc herniations as they do sprains and strains unless there are signs of more serious injury. These signs of more severe injury include difficulty emptying the bladder or controlling bowel movements, which could represent severe nerve injury. Also, sports medicine surgeons should immediately investigate weakness in arms or legs after neck or back injury.

Fractures of the neck and back
Fractures incurred during outdoor activities like falls from height or in high speed sports like skiing require immediate attention to stabilize the injury and prevent further damage to spinal structures. Sports medicine surgeons and other orthopedic specialists prefer not to perform spinal surgery for spinal fractures except under extraordinary circumstances. Recovery can be inconsistent and often depends on the severity of the injury.

Sports medicine specializes in injuries relating to the everyday activities we all enjoy, whether they happen in sporting activity, or simply while enjoying the outdoors. Although most injuries are minor and will go away with simple treatment, sometimes it is necessary for sports medicine doctors such as those in Asheboro NC to become. If you have suffered a back or neck injury, having the sports medicine specialists check you will be a wise idea.

Cigarette Smoking and the Respiratory Ailment of COPD

Cigarette smoking has been strongly linked to health conditions like heart disease and lung cancer. Other than these two dreaded disease, heavy smoking may also cause chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This condition causes inflammation and damages the small airways of the lung tissue and may cause breathing difficulties. COPD is usually a combination of two similar conditions: chronic bronchitis and chronic emphysema. Because cigarette smoking is the major cause of these two conditions, they often occur together in the same person. COPD damage is progressive and permanent and has become one of the fastest-growing health problems. It has become the fourth leading cause of death in the United States and is responsible for more than 96,000 deaths annually. Because of these health conditions the need to quit smoking has become more important than ever. Understanding COPD is essential in encouraging smokers to quit this dreaded and potentially fatal habit.

Chronic Bronchitis

Chronic bronchitis is caused by inhaling bronchial irritants like cigarette smoke, chemical fumes, air pollution, and environmental irritants like mold or dust. Cigarette smoke may increase the risk for infection because it damages the cilia or the small hair-like projections that protect the lungs from bacteria and other foreign particles out of the lungs. This disease develops slowly, middle aged and older individuals have heightened risks of getting diagnosed with bronchitis. Symptoms of chronic bronchitis may include wheezing, expectorating cough, chest pains, and persistent fatigue.


Emphysema is a chronic respiratory disease that is characterized by the enlargement of the alveoli or air sacks. Emphysema may reduce the elasticity of the lungs and may result in the collapse of the bronchioles, the first airway that no longer contain cartilage. As this happens, air cannot leave the alveoli therefore hampering the function of the lungs. The lungs may lose their ability to shrink during exhalation. Reduced exhalation may also reduce the amount of air that is inhaled. Because of this condition, waste air is not easily removed from the lungs and oxygen-rich air is not restored. Individuals with emphysema may have a hard time breathing and oftentimes gasp for air. Emphysema is most common on individuals aged 50 and older and may occur with other respiratory disease like bronchitis.

Causes and symptoms of COPD may include the following:

Lifestyle. Cigarette smoking is by far the most important risk factor for COPD and accounts for at least 80% of all COPD cases. Cigar and pipe smoking can also cause COPD. Air pollution and industrial dust and fumes are the known air pollutants that worsen the ailment. Age. Chronic bronchitis is more common in people over 40 years old; emphysema occurs more often in people 65 years of age and older. Socioeconomic class. COPD-related deaths are about twice as high among unskilled and semi-skilled laborers as among professionals. Family clustering. It is thought that heredity predisposes people in certain families to the development of COPD when other causes, such as smoking and air pollution, are present. Lung infections that can either be viral or bacterial.

Treatment for COPD is dependent on the patient’s condition and the severity of the disease. With a health program that involves respiratory care, disability and other symptoms can be prevented and therefore reducing the occurrence of early deaths. However, no treatments are proven to cure this disease. Certain treatments are only designed to alleviate symptoms and increase survival rate.

Rather than focusing on the cure, lifestyle changes that may prevent the development of COPD should be emphasized. The occurrence of COPD may be prevented if individuals who smoke quit smoking, maintain good nutrition, drink lots of fluids, maintain proper weight, and exercise. Understanding the health risks of of COPD are essential in making smokers quit smoking.

Specifics on Pancreatic Cancer

The pancreas is a gland organ in the digestive and endocrine program. It creates a number of essential hormones, like insulin, glucagon, and somatostatin as well as secretes pancreatic juice that contains digestive enzymes. It is a quite important organ dealing with digestion and hormone creation but unfortunately also vulnerable to numerous infections such as pancreatic cancer. Each year about 33,000 individuals in the United States and much more than sixty,000 in Europe are diagnosed with pancreatic cancer.

Early diagnosis for pancreatic cancer is really difficult simply because most of its signs and symptoms are non-distinct. The most typical apparent indicators for this kind of cancer are discomfort in the upper abdomen, loss of appetite, significant excess weight decline and painless jaundice connected to bile duct obstruction. All of these indicators can potentially have numerous causes, which is the reason why pancreatic cancer is often not diagnosed until finally it is inits advanced phases./p>

There are several distinct causal chance factors linked with the improvement of pancreatic cancer. These chance aspects incorporate age, male gender, African ethnicity, smoking, weight problems, a higher meat diet regime, and diabetes. Pancreatic cancer is usually learned for the duration of the course of the evaluation of all of these signs and symptoms. Liver function exams are frequently carried out to verify if there is any obstruction in the bile duct. Ultrasound and CT scans are also utilised to scan the inside of our bodies and to identify tumor growths.

The prognosis for pancreatic cancer is not quite very good at all the cause for this is simply because cancer of the pancreas are often not diagnosed until they are in some superior and damaging phases. The typical survival price after becoming diagnosed is between three to six months, and the 5-yr survival fee is close to 5%. Pancreatic cancer has the best demise rate of all types of cancer andis the fourth greatest cancer killer in the United States among equally males and girls alike.

There are several techniques to avert the growth of pancreatic cancer. Smoking is the most substantial and easiest avoidable danger for acquiring this type of cancer. Preserving a wholesome bodyweight and continuous exercising is also another very good way to not only avoid cancer but to preserve your body suit and healthy. Consuming fruits, greens and grains and decreasing red meat intake in your diet program is another advised prevention. Vitamin D has also been shown to significantly lessen the chance of establishing this type of cancer by up to fifty%.

Pancreatic cancer is definitely a deadly illness and it is crucial for all of us to know the details about it, the different symptoms it manifest and the methods of stopping it.
Pancreatic Cancer

Preventive Medicine Can Reduce the Risk of Cardiovascular Disease

Preventive medicine is a specialized medical field that is aimed at preventing disease and promoting health. These doctors use their expertise for health issues that cause a major impact on certain populations. One such problem that these doctors specialize in is cardiovascular disease. This condition affects millions of people around the globe and is the leading cause of death in many countries, including the United States. Oftentimes, those who do suffer from this problem have several risk factors that with preventive medicine could be reduced or managed. These doctors help to reduce the factors in preventing these diseases as well as help those who do have cardiovascular problems by providing services and education for healthier heart living.

Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease Extensive studies have been conducted for identifying specific major risk factors for cardiovascular disorders. Some of these cannot be changed, while others can. Individuals who have more of these risk factors, have a greater chance of developing heart disease. Major contributing factors that cannot be changed include aging, being male and genetic predisposition. Among major factors that can lead to cardiovascular conditions and can be changed include smoking, high cholesterol, physical inactivity, high blood pressure, diabetes mellitus, obesity or being overweight. Stress and consuming too much alcohol may also lead to heart problems.

Preventive Medicine and Cardiovascular Disease When visiting a doctor of preventive medicine in Kentucky for help to reduce the chance of developing cardiac disorders or for managing these conditions, the physician will do a risk assessment, which may include a stress test, advanced cholesterol tests and other testing to determine the condition of the cardiovascular system and what measures can be taken to prevent this deadly disease. Treatments may include a special diet, changes in lifestyle, medical nutrition therapy, nutriceuticals, phytochemicals, an exercise program, a smoking cessation program, expert cholesterol control and management, diabetes prevention and weight management. The treatment regime may also include vitamin therapy as well as certain supplements such as fish oil.

Educating Patients Education is a major role of preventive medicine physicians. Some offer specialized programs for optimal reduction of the risks of heart diseases, which may include a cardio-exercise program for individuals who are obese or overweight or those who have heart conditions. Other specialty programs may be directed at patients with diabetes or pre-diabetes, patients with a family history of diabetes or heart problems or those with high triglycerides and cholesterol. Programs usually include education about the causes of these conditions as well as benefits of exercising, changing lifestyle and diet. Medications, supplements, vitamins and phytochemicals are also discussed in regards to how they reduce the chances of developing cardiac disease.

Symptoms Of Asthma,eczema & Rashes Telling U Its Allergy Season

Preparing For Allergy & Pollen Season with Symptoms like: Asthma, Eczema, and Rashes are never fun. Weve got some great Statistics to share as well as Respiratory System & Immune System info to help you beat it!

An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure ~ Benjamin Franklin

Every year, allergies cause untold suffering, incredible medical expense, and uncounted lost days from both work and school. Accurate statistics on the financial and social impact are impossible to gather, because that type of information is only compiled for life-threatening diseases. For that reason, major medical websites and journals contain conflicting statistics.

Allergic Disorders attack the respiratory and digestive systems, and occasionally the skin. The best-known allergies are asthma, hay fever, and eczema. Symptoms are triggered by exposure to harmless substances, such as pollen or various foods. Skin sensitivities may develop from repeated contact with a growing list of chemicals and fragrances.

What are Allergies?

Allergies are the result of inappropriate immune responses to normally harmless substances. The key insight from this statement is that allergic reactions typically represent malfunction of the immune system.

Allergic responses vary widely, from the mild, sneezing, watery eyes and nasal congestion of hay fever to more severe rashes and swelling, to the most extreme and terrifying reaction: anaphylactic shock.

Background Info on Allergies

The Immune System which includes antibodies, white blood cells, mast cells, complement proteins and other substances – defends the body against foreign invaders (referred to as antigens). However, in susceptible individuals, the immune system can overreact to certain types of antigens (called allergens), which are usually harmless to most people. The result is an allergic reaction. Some people are allergic to only one substance; others are allergic to many. It is estimated that one third of the people in United States have some form of allergy.

Its estimated that more than 20 million Americans suffer from Asthma. Asthma is also very closely linked to allergies. Allergy induced asthma is the most common form of asthma in the United States; in fact, 60% of people with asthma have the allergic type.

Even more disturbing, the incidence of asthma in children has nearly quadrupled in the last 30 years. Adult an childhood asthma have increased from approximately 6.7 million cases in 1980, to 17.3 million cases in 1998, according to the Centers for Disease Control. Nearly one in 13 children in the United States has asthma, and this percentage is growing faster in preschool-age children than in any other category.

Hay fever is the most common form of allergy, affecting about 30% of the population. Starting with the pollen season, tens of millions of Americans suffer between April and late Fall, while they consume more than $6 BILLION dollars of antihistamine and corticosteroid nasal sprays.

The FDA recall of childrens decongestant is a potent reminder that the pharmaceutical management of colds and allergies involves risk and unpredictable results. is the medical reporting arm of the highly esteemed WebMD website. Medscapes recent review of the FDA warning stated that these childrens products have not been shown to be safe or effective. They go on to say that: OTC cough and cold preparations commonly include nasal decongestants, antihistamines, cough suppressants and expectorants. These drugs can cause serious and potentially life-threatening adverse events in young children, according to an alert sent from MedWatch, the FDAs safety information and adverse event reporting program. Death, convulsion, rapid heart rates and decreased levels of consciousness have been reported.

Our Immune System

Before reviewing a natural and safe approach to allergy prevention and management, lets discuss the immune cells that are involved with allergic reactions, and ponder why they over-react to harmless particles in our environment. The humoral (or blood-based) immune system contains numerous specialized cell lines, and they choreograph an amazing array of chemical reactions. Five-credit college classes in immunology barely scratch the surface of that complexity. To make this process more accessible, lets use the simple analogy of the judicial system to outline the activities of each immune cell agent.

The first cells called to the scene of any allergic response are the Macrophages. They are like our neighborhood Policeman, roaming the streets of your body, investigating everything they come in contact with. When they detect an invader, like a virus or bacteria (antigen), they signal the T-cells for assistance.

T-Cells are the Detectives of the body. They determine if the antigen should be arrested. When and if they do, they signal the B-Cells, who play the part of the Prosecuting Attorney.

The B-Cell prepares their case, by producing specialized proteins called immunoglobins (Ig), which then attach to the antigens like handcuffs.

Once the antigen has been found guilty of the crime of infection, they are surrendered to the Mast Cells, who represent the Executioners of the body. They produce histamine, which destroys the criminal antigens by disrupting their cell membrane.

Once released, histamine causes airway constriction in the lung, over-production of mucous, and system-wide symptoms of pain, swelling and itching. Histamine also stimulates the increased release of stomach acid, and overproduction of the neurotransmitters that cause muscle spasm. Thats a lot of havoc in the body!

Tune in for our next article where well define what causes Immune System dysfunction and specific steps you can take to build and support YOUR Immune System so it always performs at its best.

Internal Medicine Jobs

The internal medicine field is a specialty which concentrates on the diagnosis, management and non-surgical treatment of unusual or serious diseases. Specialists in this medical field are usually called “internists,” but in some areas are also referred to as “physicians.” Most internists specialize in a subcategory of internal medicine which focuses on problems with one particular organ inside the human body. Sub-specialties include: Cardiology (heart), Endocrinology (endocrine system), Gastroenterology (digestive system), Hematology (blood), Infectious Diseases (virus, bacteria, and parasites), Medical Oncology (cancer), Nephrology (kidneys), Pulmonology (lungs), Rheumatology (inflammation disorders), Adolescent Medicine, Clinical Cardiac Electrophysiology, Critical Care Medicine, Geriatric Medicine (aging), Interventional Cardiology, Sleep Medicine, Sports Medicine, Transplant Hepatology, Allergy and Immunology.

Internists study and train not only to diagnosis and treat severe chronic diseases, but also when more than one disease strikes an individual patient. Other organs and conditions internists may also treat are the skin, ears, substance abuse, mental health, nervous system and reproductive organs. The elderly population of the United States usually has an internist as their primary medical practitioner.

Internists must successfully complete extensive study and training. After completing a four-year undergraduate program at a university or college, the candidate must successfully enter and complete medical school, which usually takes an additional four to five years of study. Afterwards, the medical student enters a residency program which is approximately one to two years of supervised training. If the internist wishes to specialize in a subcategory of internal medicine as mentioned above, another three to ten years is spent in that particular specialty under a fellowship or internship program. If the specialty is more complex then more than ten years may be required.

Certification examinations must be taken by the internist. There are two organizations within the United States who certify internist specialists. They are the American Board of Internal Medicine and the American Osteopathic Board of Internal Medicine. For an internist specializing in allergy or immunology, the certifying board is the American Board of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology.

In the field of internal medicine, internists are also expected to successfully complete continuing education courses. Their certifications must be maintained by passing the “Maintenance of Certification Examinations.” The Mayo Clinic offers an intensive course of study which prepares the internists to pass this exam. In addition, the Mayo Clinic offers other relevant courses for updating an internists skills and knowledge base. Some of these include, “Controversies in Womens Health,” which are medical conditions and treatments unique to women, “New Strategies for the Evaluation and Treatment of Congestive Heart Failure,” “Selected Topics in Rheumatology,” which highlights new advances in pathogenesis diagnosis and management of rheumatic diseases, “Pulmonary Hypertension Update,” which helps the internist increase knowledge in pulmonary arterial hypertension from making an accurate diagnosis to determining the best treatment option for the patient, and “Genomics in Everyday Medical Practice,” which discusses the importance of understanding the genomic basis of diseases and treatment effects, as internists must understand a patients genetic make-up to determine which therapies are the most effective.

Dental Ultrasonic Scalers Are Used Routinly U

Dental Ultrasonic Scalers are Used Routinly

Basically, there are two types of power driven scalers. Sonic scalers are powered by compressed air and operate at lower frequencies which range between 3000 to 8000 cycles per second. The handpiece is attached to the compressed air line and vibrations are less then the ultrasonic scaler (2000-6500Hz) (tip movement circular). They are low in performance and not used nowadays.An example of this type of scaler is the Star Titan sonic scaler. Also known as air scalers, these scalers use a metal cylinder (rotor) balanced between orings to provide vibration when air pressure is applied. These attach to a standard handpiece coupler on your delivery system and operate at normal handpiece drive air pressure (32-35 psi).

Dental ultrasonic scalers are used routinly in dental clinics and we buy it as a compulsory dental equipment. Ultrasonic scaler are divided into two types: Magnetostrictive Scaler & Piezoelectric Scaler.

1. Magnetostrictive Scaler-Pattern of vibration- elliptical. Used mainly in the United States, all sides of tip are active and work when adapted to tooth. The magnetostrictive ultrasonic scaler uses a magnetostrictive transducer to create magnetic energy which is then converted to mechanical energy at varying frequencies. Magnetostrictive ultrasonic scalers operate between 18000 and 45000 cycles per second. An example of this type is The Cavitron. The movement is generated by passing an electrical current over a stack of metal strips or a metal rod which is attached to the scalers tip. The tip movement can be linear or eliptical and all surfaces are active while in use. These scalers are usually considered easier to use (less technique sensitive) but are sometimes considered as less gentle.

2. Piezoelectric Scaler- Linear vibrations or back and forth vibration. Only two sides of tip are active when applied to surface of tooth. More prominant in Europe and Asia, piezo ultrasonic scaler vibrations are produced by oscillations of a quartz crystal in the handpiece. Piezoelectric units operate between 25000 to 50000 cycles per second. Movement is generated by electricity passing over crystals housed in the handpiece. The tip movement is generally linear and allows two sides of the tip to be active. Piezos are more technique sensitive given the linear motion of the tips. One must use the scaler parallel to the tooth surface to avoid hammering with the piezo tip. When used properly, many consider the piezo to be gentler than magnetostrictive scalers. These differences in the type of movement can generate different root surface alterations following debridement.

Both technologies are considered to be very sound, providing consistent operation over a long period of time. Repairs are typically minor, with most involving the handpiece or tips, which are easily replaceable. One additional consideration would be that most magnetostrictive ultrasonic scaler tips are interchangeable, while piezo ultrasonic scaler tips are typically specific to the manufacturer.

Ultrasonic and sonic scalers appear to attain similar results as hand instruments for removing plaque, calculus and endotoxin. Ultrasonics used at medium power seem to produce less surface damage than hand or sonic scalers. Due to instrument width, power driven Ultrasonic Scaler Tip seems to be more effective in furcations. What matters most is the time spent per tooth and mastery of your particular debridement system.

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Lung Cancer Treatment In India At Mumbai And Delhi At Low Cost.

Lung Cancer

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths in both women and men in the United States and throughout the world. Lung cancer has surpassed breast cancer as the leading cause of cancer deaths in women. In the United States in 2007, 160,390 people were projected to die from lung cancer, which is more than the number of deaths from colorectal, breast, and prostate cancer combined. Only about 2% of those diagnosed with lung cancer that has spread to other areas of the body are alive five years after the diagnosis, although the survival rates for lung cancers diagnosed at a very early stage are higher, with approximately 49% surviving for five years or longer.

Cancer occurs when normal cells undergo a transformation that causes them to grow and multiply without the normal controls. The cells form a mass or tumor that differs from the surrounding tissues from which it arises. Tumors are dangerous because they take oxygen, nutrients, and space from healthy cells. Most lung tumors are malignant. This means that they invade and destroy the healthy tissues around them and can spread throughout the body.

* The tumors can also spread to nearby lymph nodes or through the bloodstream to other organs. This process is called metastasis.

* When lung cancer metastasizes, the tumor in the lung is called the primary tumor, and the tumors in other parts of the body are called secondary tumors or metastatic tumors.

Some lung tumors are metastatic from cancers elsewhere in the body. The lungs are a common site for metastasis. If this is the case, the cancer is not considered to be lung cancer. For example, if prostate cancer spreads via the bloodstream to the lungs, it is metastatic prostate cancer (a secondary cancer) in the lung and is not called lung cancer. Lung cancers are usually divided into two main groups that account for about 95% of all cases.

* The division into groups is based on the type of cells that make up the cancer.

* The two main types of lung cancer are characterized by the cell size of the tumor when viewed under the microscope. They are called small cell lung cancer (SCLC) and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). NSCLC includes several subtypes of tumors.

* SCLCs are less common, but they grow more quickly and are more likely to metastasize than NSCLCs. Often, SCLCs have already spread to other parts of the body when the cancer is diagnosed.

* About 5% of lung cancers are of rare cell types, including carcinoid tumor, lymphoma, and others.

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